An Post (national postal service operator Ireland) is replacing all 220 local delivery diesel vehicles in the cities with electric vehicles by 2020, and a total of 750 EVs will replace its urban fleet by 2022.
Goal: Becoming the greenest postal service in Europe by 2030
An Post is the national postal service operator for Ireland, delivering parcels and letters to every home and business address in the country. An Post employs 8,900 people in its nationwide retail and mail network and at its headquarters in the iconic GPO in Dublin. Every working day, An Post processes and delivers two million items of mail using a road fleet of around 2,800 vehicles and 1,600 bicycles (see An Post at a glance). In 2018, An Post consumed 145,777 MWh and emitted 31,747 tCO2, with 34,047 MWh offset in renewable electricity (zero emissions).
- Zero-emission postal deliveries in Dublin City Centre by year-end 2019.
- Zero-emission postal deliveries in Cork, Galway, Kilkenny, Limerick and Waterford by year-end 2020.
- 750 electric vehicles (delivery vans and cycles) to replace the urban fleet by 2022.
- Eco-Driving training for all drivers to ensure best-practice driving in all vehicles and for all road and weather conditions.
- A number of trials, including public charging points for EVs outside post offices as well as installing solar panels on its buildings and sharing the financial benefits with local community-based environmental initiatives.
To achieve this, An Post will replace its 220 diesel local delivery vehicles in all six Irish cities with electric vehicles, effectively delivering zero-emission local parcels and e-commerce services by 2020. It will further extend the use of electric vehicles to one third of its local delivery fleet, committing to convert a total of 750 vehicles from diesel to electric within the next 4 years.
An Post has set itself the goal to be the greenest postal service in Europe by 2030 using its ISO 50001 certified energy performance management system as a structured approach to achieve this. An Post was the first postal service worldwide to have ISO 50001 certification cover its entire operations, i.e. its buildings and transport fleet.
“I love driving the new electric vehicle; its transmission is smooth and it is good for the environment as well.”
Barney Cronin, Ravensdale Delivery Service Unit, Dublin
Proven energy and CO2 savings on a sustained basis
To date An Post has measured and verified savings from an initial batch of vans (see Table 1 and annex for raw data). This comprises data from 10 like-for-like vehicles with over 38,000 km travelled; 200 are planned to be on-road by the end of this year (2019), and the 220 needed for zero emissions in all cities by March 2020.
At a median (middle) performance of 29.7 kWh/100 km, the electric vans have shown CO2 savings of 12.2 kg CO2e per 100 km compared to diesel (using the 2017 Irish grid emissions factor of 417 g/kWh) and 25.2 kg CO2e per 100 km after An Post’s investment in renewable 100% zero-carbon electricity.
Energy savings of 51.6 kWh (roughly 5 litres diesel equivalent or 60% savings) per 100 km have been delivered on a sustained basis from project start in Q3 2018 to end of July 2019. In July 2019, the An Post in-house driving school developed an Eco-Driving programme for diesel and electric vans, showing savings across both types.
Diesel is sourced from forecourt fuel pumps calibrated annually; electricity is from standard electric vehicle chargers with MID (Measuring Instruments Directive) compliant meters, meaning that it includes (amongst other things) charging losses and vehicle heater use checked against sub-metered usage at electrical panels.
Ready for a carbon-free Black Friday
The 220 local delivery vans required to deliver zero emissions in all six Irish cities will save 1.13 GWh of energy per year at an average 10,000 km per vehicle, and avoid emissions equivalent to 554,400 kg CO2e after An Post’s investment in renewable electricity (268,400 kg CO2e at Irish grid factor).
At urban service depots, electric vehicles reduce noise for neighbours and residents, lower service and maintenance costs (oils, tyres, brakes etc.), and reduce costs and payback time to fleet operations.
“The Eco-Driving course was excellent and I hope to transfer what I learnt to driving style, and save on my own fuel usage.”
Eamon Keogh, Mullingar
By the end of 2019 An Post will have the 200 electric vehicles needed to support the 2020 Christmas rush and Black Friday online shopping. The balance of the 750 total will be delivered as they become available through 2020.
Text: Conor Molloy, AEMS ECOfleet (Dublin) Project Leader: John Smith, Sustainability Manager, An Post download pdf  An Post has committed itself to SDG3 (Decent Work), SDG4 (Responsible Production & Consumption) and SDG5 (Partnership and Innovation). For more information on An Post and its commitment to the UN Sustainable Development Goals see this link: http://www.anpost.ie/AnPost/MainContent/About+An+Post/Sustainability+at+An+Post.htm